Introducing the Philippine rice combine harvester

S&T Highlights

A machine that combines harvesting, threshing, cleaning, and bagging in one operation was found suitable in major rice-producing provinces in the Philippines where manpower for harvesting is insufficient.

The Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) research team in cooperation with the Briggs and Stratton (B&S), a private company supplying farm engines in the Philippines, modified the original design of rice combine harvester from China to fit local farm conditions.

China’s design has reaping, crop conveying, and threshing components only. According to a report submitted to PCARRD, PhilRice and B&S improved the machine’s efficiency by incorporating cleaning, bagging, and recycling components.
 
Technical evaluation on its performance, which was conducted by the Agricultural Machinery Testing and Evaluation Center of the University of the Philippines Los Banos (AMTEC-UPLB), indicates that the machine performed well with 0.194 hectare per hour field capacity, 86.6 percent field efficiency, 90.3 percent purity of threshed grains, total grain loss of only 1.68 percent, and fuel consumption of 3.68 liters per hour.

AMTEC-UPLB test results are comparable with the data gathered from the endurance tests conducted in Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Tarlac, Pangasinan, and Cagayan, involving farmer-cooperators.

Economic analysis on the use of machine for custom hiring to service farms of organized farmer groups shows that at harvesting cost of P5,442 per hectare, the capital investment of P350,000 can be recovered in 1.7 years or from a harvesting area of 87.3 hectares to break-even.

For individual farmer’s use and ownership, economic viability is high at benefit-cost ratio of 1.36 with a break-even land area of 48 hectares and a payback period of less than one year. Additional income can be realized from the recovered harvesting losses of 5 percent, which is better compared with unrecovered manual harvesting losses of more than 6 percent.

Incidentally, the AMTEC-UPLB research team is composed of Dr. Eulito U. Bautista, Engr. Arnold S. Juliano, Engr. Evangeline B. Sibayan, Dr. Caesar Joventino M. Tado, Mr. Leo B. Moliñawe, Engr. Rolando R. Nicolas, Mr., Rollie L. Carganilla, and Mr. Rodrigo A. Villota.

Activities

TIKAS Seminar on Copyright Law
Thu Nov 20 @08:00am - 05:00pm
CEM Foundation Day/CEM, UPLB
Mon Nov 24 @08:00am - 05:00pm
FFTC-PCAARRD Food Safety Workshop/El Cielito Hotel, Sta. Rosa, Laguna
Mon Nov 24 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Seaweed Fiesta/USEP, Davao City
Thu Nov 27 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Training Course on Impact Assessment of R&D and Technology Commercialization Programs/PSRTI, Quezon City
Mon Dec 01 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Orientation-Training on Gender Mainstreaming Monitoring System (GMMS)DOST, Bicutan, Taguig City
Tue Dec 02 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Seminar titled Is Rice Research and Development Worth Investing In?/ Richmonde Hotel, Pasig City
Wed Dec 03 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Argentine Technical Mission to the Philippines regarding the project on Capacity Building and Knowledge Sharing on Pests and Pesticide Management to Ensure Food Safety in the Philippines and Argentina/Manila and Los Baños
Tue Dec 09 @08:00am - 05:00pm
3rd Biennial Meeting of the SocioEconomic Research Portal (SERP-P) project of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS)/ PIDS, Makati City
Wed Dec 10 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Exchange Scientists/Experts Mission Program under the 2014 PCAARRD-RDA Work Plan of Cooperation on Policies on Food Safety, Grades, and Standards/Manila and Los Baños
Mon Dec 15 @08:00am - 05:00pm