Introducing the Philippine rice combine harvester

S&T Highlights

A machine that combines harvesting, threshing, cleaning, and bagging in one operation was found suitable in major rice-producing provinces in the Philippines where manpower for harvesting is insufficient.

The Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) research team in cooperation with the Briggs and Stratton (B&S), a private company supplying farm engines in the Philippines, modified the original design of rice combine harvester from China to fit local farm conditions.

China’s design has reaping, crop conveying, and threshing components only. According to a report submitted to PCARRD, PhilRice and B&S improved the machine’s efficiency by incorporating cleaning, bagging, and recycling components.
 
Technical evaluation on its performance, which was conducted by the Agricultural Machinery Testing and Evaluation Center of the University of the Philippines Los Banos (AMTEC-UPLB), indicates that the machine performed well with 0.194 hectare per hour field capacity, 86.6 percent field efficiency, 90.3 percent purity of threshed grains, total grain loss of only 1.68 percent, and fuel consumption of 3.68 liters per hour.

AMTEC-UPLB test results are comparable with the data gathered from the endurance tests conducted in Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Tarlac, Pangasinan, and Cagayan, involving farmer-cooperators.

Economic analysis on the use of machine for custom hiring to service farms of organized farmer groups shows that at harvesting cost of P5,442 per hectare, the capital investment of P350,000 can be recovered in 1.7 years or from a harvesting area of 87.3 hectares to break-even.

For individual farmer’s use and ownership, economic viability is high at benefit-cost ratio of 1.36 with a break-even land area of 48 hectares and a payback period of less than one year. Additional income can be realized from the recovered harvesting losses of 5 percent, which is better compared with unrecovered manual harvesting losses of more than 6 percent.

Incidentally, the AMTEC-UPLB research team is composed of Dr. Eulito U. Bautista, Engr. Arnold S. Juliano, Engr. Evangeline B. Sibayan, Dr. Caesar Joventino M. Tado, Mr. Leo B. Moliñawe, Engr. Rolando R. Nicolas, Mr., Rollie L. Carganilla, and Mr. Rodrigo A. Villota.

Activities

En banc Review of Native Pig Project of Eastern Samar State University
Wed May 06 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Regular meeting for the Project entitled “Development of Decision Support Tools on Sustainable Land Management (SLM) as a Key to Address Abiotic Stresses in Areas Vulnerable to Climate Change”/BSWM, Quezon City
Wed May 06 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Pest Management Council of the Philippines 46th Anniversary and Annual Scientific Conference "Managing Invasive Pests in a Changing Environment"/Grand Regal Hotel, Davao City
Wed May 06 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Training on Implementation and Results Interpretation of Animal Disease Diagnosis, Monitoring and Surveillance for Animal Health Research Personnel/CLSU, Nueva Ecija
Wed May 06 @08:00am - 05:00pm
M&E of the STCBF and Technomart Projects on Carrot, and Enhancing FITS project/Lantapan, Bukidnon
Wed May 06 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Benchmarking cum training on the development and operationalization of animal product traceability/South Korea
Wed May 06 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Philippine Council for Agriculture and Fisheries (PCAF) Committee meeting on Commercial Crops, Coffee Industry Development Sub Committee/PCAF, DA, Q.C.
Thu May 07 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Philippine Agricultural Engineering Standards (PAES) Public Consultation/DA, Q.C.
Thu May 07 @08:00am - 05:00pm
ISP Audit
Thu May 07 @08:00am - 05:00pm
Nationwide Clonal Adaptation Trial and Innovation of Propagation Techniques of Newly Introduced High-Yielding and Promising Rubber/Lucban, Quezon and Isabela
Fri May 08 @08:00am - 05:00pm