Industry Status PDF Print E-mail

Mungbean (Vigna radiata Wilczek), locally known as “mongo” or “balatong”, is one of the cheapest source of protein in the Filipino diet. It is a short duration crop which contributed P790M to the local economy in 2006. Mungbean is a good source of minerals, provitamin A and vitamin B complex, and lysine. Growing mungbean after rice presents a good opportunity for farmers to earn additional income because its production requires minimal inputs. Recognizing the vital contribution of  mungbean and other legumes to the economy, PCARRD-DOST, in cooperation with its partners, is now in the process of packaging a Regional R&D Program for legumes.

Production

  1. can be grown year-round but best grown when harvesting coincides with dry periods
  2. can be grown in different types of soil with a ph range from 5.8 to 6.5
  3. world production in 2005 was 122.882 million metric tonst (MMT); top producing countries were China (100.214 MMT), Nigeria (3.025 MMT) and Uganda (2.604 MMT) (FAO)
  4. production was 25,955 mt in 2006, down by 3% from the output of the previous year at 26,748 mt
  5. area harvested in 2006 was 35,739 ha, down by 1% from 36,115 ha in 2005
  6. yield per hectare was 0.72 mt in 2006, 2.7% lower than the 0.74 mt posted in 2005
  7. major producers were the Ilocos Region, Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Western Visayas, Central Luzon, and Cagayan Valley

Recommended Varieties 

  1. varieties developed by the Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Plant Industry Los Baños National Crop Research and Development Center (BPI-LBNCRDC), the latest of which is NSIC Mg 14
  2. Pagasa series of varieties developed by the Institute of Plant Breeding –Crop Science Cluster (IPB-CSC) of UP Los Baños College of Agriculture (UPLB-CA), the latest of which is Pagasa 21
  3. varieties are dull green and yellow seeded 
  4. seed yield of recommended varieties averaged 1.1 t/ha

Utilization

  1. whole or ground seed is usually prepared as soup in combination with other vegetables, meat, or fish
  2. mungbean sprout is used as a fresh vegetable
  3. ingredient in the preparation of bakery and homemade products
  4. immature pod is also used as a fresh vegetable in some regions of the country
  5. a noodle commonly known as "sotanghon" can be manufactured from the starch constituent of the mungbean seeds
  6. per capita consumption was 0.67 kg/yr in 2005, down by 14% from the 0.78 kg/yr of the previous year

Cost and Return

  1. cost of production was P11,045/ha
  2. gross income was P21,837/ha  from an average yield of 741 kg/ha at an average price of P29.47/kg,
  3. net income was P10,792/ha

Trade

  1. the country imported 30,736 mt of dried mungbean worth US$5.4M in 2006; up by 0.13% in tonnage and by 11.7% in value than the previous year
  2. in 2006, the country exported 20 mt of dried mungbean worth US$27,553; down by 86% in tonnage and by 45% in export earnings compared to 2005

Domestic Prices

  1. average retail price was P 47.81/kg; highest in December (P 49.77); lowest in May (P 46.57)
  2. wholesale price averaged about P41.99/kg; highest in February (P 43.94); lowest in September (P 40.73)
  3. average farmgate price was P 29.56/kg

Weakness

  1. lack of quality seeds for planting
  2. low local production
  3. susceptibility of mungbean plant to various insect pests

Credit Assistance

credit assistance provided by the Quedan and Rural Credit Guarantee Corporation (QUEDANCOR) and Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP)

Technical Assistance

technical support provided by AVRDC-The World Vegetable Center, IPB-CSC of UPLB-CA, state colleges and universities, BPI and other offices of the DA, offices of the DOST, and private seed companies